Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, Surya, and Chhathi Maiya, who is believed to be the sister of Surya. This festival is predominantly celebrated in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and the southern parts of Nepal.
Chhath Puja usually takes place six days after Diwali, and it is observed on the sixth day of the lunar month of Kartika according to the Hindu calendar. The festival spans four days, during which devotees perform various rituals and prayers.
Key elements of Chhath Puja include:
Chhath Puja is known for its rigorous fasting, stringent rituals, and the use of natural elements like water, sunlight, and fruits in the worship of the Sun God. The festival is significant not only for its religious aspects but also for its cultural and social significance, as it brings communities together in celebration.